The doctrine (or principle) of double effect is often invoked to explain the permissibility of an action that causes a serious harm, such as the death of a human being, as a side effect of promoting some good end. The moral permissibility of abortion margaret olivia little traditionally, abortion has been viewed as either not moral or only moral under rare circumstances these beliefs claim abortion destroys life we have no right to destroy. Warren's theses: noonan is correct in holding that the key issue in the abortion debate is whether or not the fetus is a person thomson's arguments are helpful, but it's not clear that we should share thomson's intuition about, for example, the permissibility of unhooking oneself from the famous unconscious violinist.
Again, according to kant, abortion would be immoral because it would be irrational to will that every pregnant woman have an abortion the act of every pregnant woman aborting the fetus inside her would, ultimately, end abortion, which is completely irrational. More often than not, arguments against the moral permissibility of abortion seek to demonstrate that it's wrong to kill an innocent human being stated formally, this argument may be put as follows: p1: fetuses are human beings (ie, members of the biological species homo sapiens. The moral permissibility or impermissibility of abortion abortion is a very controversial moral issue. In 1971, the moral philosopher judith jarvis thomson made a similar claim in “a defense of abortion” she argued that abortion could still be morally permissible even if “the fetus has.
Department of philosophy degrees and programs careers for majors faculty profiles faculty office hours finding the department class schedule course descriptions. According to margaret little, the moral permissibility of abortion is contingent on the argument that gestation, and therefore pregnancy, is a bodily intimacy between child and mother. Explain the implications of marquis's general account of the wrongness of killing for the moral permissibility of abortion marquis concedes that there are sometimes instances where abortion is permissible but if and only if the cost of not aborting the fetus is as great as the fetus's loss of life and future. The question of if and when abortion is morally permissible is reducible to two questions: firstly, when does a human being, in the course of its development, acquire the right to be called a person, and thus acquire the accompanying moral rights, including the right not to be unjustly killed. The moral permissibility of abortion 3 claim rights if you have a claim right, then others are obligated to aid you for the sake of argument, jjt grants that a fetus has a liberty right.
The philosophy & religous studies department at california state university, east bay seeks to promote the exploration of enduring human concerns - concerns, for example, about the nature of knowledge, ethics, truth, and god. If killing fetuses is permissible because they are not full-fledged members of the moral community, then, by the same standard, killing newborns would be permissible as well moreover, killing any non-human animal would also be permissible. The moral permissibility of abortion essay many opponents of abortion have based their opinions and arguments against the moral permissibility of abortion on the single premise that every fetus is a person from the very moment of conception and every person has a right to life - the moral permissibility of abortion essay introduction. Mary warren, “on the moral and legal status of abortion”, 1973 warren defends an extremely permissive view on abortion, according to which abortion is morally permissible at any stage of the pregnancy and under any circumstances. In her essay defending abortion, judith thomson sets out to demonstrate the moral permissibility of pursuing abortion as a means to defend oneself from the invasive parasitical growth of a fetus although these words seem to be incredibly incendiary, if not excessive, they do allude to thomson’s overall point:.
The moral permissibility of abortion emotivism the base of my opinion of abortion comes from the non-cognitivism branch of emotivism the act of killing an unborn baby appeals to my emotions. Judith jarvis thomson: a defense of abortion from philosophy & public affairs, vol 1, no 1 (fall 1971) second, while i am arguing for the permissibility of abortion in some cases, i am not arguing for the right to secure the death of the unborn child it is easy to confuse these two things in that up to a certain point in the life of. Moral permissibility of abortion yet published critically examining a wide range of arguments that attempt to prove that every human fe-tus has a right to life, he shows that each of these arguments fails on its own terms he then explains how even if the fetus does have a right to.
What dr little helpfully points out is that there are more difficult questions here than is often admitted many people think that the permissibility of abortion rests on a question of moral status and surely they are right that the question of status matters. Moral permissibility of abortion one question of great importance in today’s world deals with the moral permissibility of abortion traditional thought teaches that only in very rare occasions should it be permitted. Judith jarvis thompsons a defense of abortion the standard argument against abortion rests on the claim that the fetus is a person and therefore has a right to life thomson shows why this standard argument against abortion is a somewhat inadequate account of the morality of abortion her reconstruction of the argument against abortion: 1.
A defense of abortion is a moral philosophy paper by judith jarvis thomson first published in 1971 granting for the sake of argument that the fetus has a right to life, thomson uses thought experiments to argue that the fetus's right to life does not trump the pregnant woman's right to control her own body and its life-support functions, and that induced abortion is therefore not morally. Thomson’s violinist: what is the point of thought experiments in moral philosophy first of all, it should be obvious that the violinist case does not establish the permissibility of abortion even in the case of rape in fact, i would say that the focus on the permissibility of abortion (which thomson encourages, not least by her title. Margaret little, the moral permissibility of abortion main point: (pro abortion) woman doesn't have obligations to ensure gestation, argument from potential is no good because fetus is a possible (not potential) human, fetus would not have a life without the woman, norms of responsible creation. The moral permissibility of abortion 13 pages the moral permissibility of abortion uploaded by maggie little download with google download with facebook or download with email the moral permissibility of abortion download the moral permissibility of abortion uploaded by maggie little.
To underscore the need to explore further the meanings of gestation, i provide two examples of the difference it might make to legal and moral discussions of abortion if we appreciate more fully that gestation is an intimacy. A fetus is not a person all and only persons have full moral rights (304) a fetus, therefore, does not have full moral rights moreover, a woman's right to protect her health, happiness, freedom, and even her life, by terminating an unwanted pregnancy, will always override whatever right to. Abortion is the deliberate killing of a human being 2 all human beings are persons i is this a helpful way to think about the permissibility of abortion margaret olivia little, `abortion, intimacy, and the duty to gestate' author: dr clea f rees subject: introducing moral problems.